Egypt is a country undergoing a great deal of change. Located on the Mediterranean Sea in North Africa, Egypt is a country of one million sq kilometers. The population stands at about 80 million with an almost 2% annual growth rate.
Cairo, the capital city, home to 16 million people, is the country's largest city and is also the biggest city in Africa and in the Middle East. Cairo is the undisputed commercial, economic and industrial hub of the Egypt.
Alexandria (with 6 million residents) is Egypt’s next-largest city as well as Egypt's chief port. Other major towns include Port Said, Luxor, Aswan, Zagazig and Assiut.